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This article evaluates the potential for a biodiversity conservation regime for the 'Third Pole' - the Himalayas / Tibetan Plateau - focused upon transboundary governance. After providing an overview of regional precedents from the other polar regions and Europe, it reviews the measures taken in relation to mountain biodiversity under the Convention for Biological Diversity and other multilateral regimes, in particular the World Heritage Convention and the Wetlands Convention in an Asian cont...
In this paper, we present the results of two surveys that investigate subjects’ judgments about what can be known or justifiably believed about lottery out- comes on the basis of statistical evidence, testimonial evidence, and ‘mixed’ evidence, while considering possible anchoring and priming effects. We dis- cuss these results in light of seven distinct hypotheses that capture various claims made by philosophers about lay people’s lottery judgments. We con- clude by summarizing the main find...
Children in Scotland are held criminally responsible from the age of 8, something that has attracted wholly-justified criticism within the country and from international organisations including the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child. Despite the fact that this puts Scots law in the same camp as some of the world’s least progressive regimes, proposals to raise the minimum age of criminal responsibility have, to date, been rejected. For the second time this century, a governmen...
The paper compares the suitability of two different epistemologies of counterfactuals—(EC) and (W)—to elucidate modal knowledge. I argue that, while both of them explain the data on our knowledge of counterfactuals, neither can subsume modal knowledge. (EC) would be available only to extreme haecceitists. Only (W)—Williamson’s epistemology—is compatible with all counterpossibles being true; something on which Williamson’s account relies. A first problem is that, in the absence of further data...
With much of UK and Scottish environmental law presently originating in Brussels, experts have long warned of the challenges associated with Brexit in this sector. These challenges are not just constitutional, but affect the very mechanics of environmental law-making, implementation and enforcement. This article offers some reflections on the likely implications of Brexit for environmental protection in Scotland and recommendations for solutions that may be adopted to address these.
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