Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Using solicited research diaries to assess the restorative potential of exposure to inland blue space across time
Author(s): Grace, Megan
Dickie, Jennifer
Brown, Caroline
Bartie, Phil
Oliver, David M.
Contact Email:
Keywords: Inland waterways
Green Space
Mental Health
Restorative Outcomes Scale
Issue Date: Jan-2024
Date Deposited: 5-Oct-2023
Citation: Grace M, Dickie J, Brown C, Bartie P & Oliver DM (2024) Using solicited research diaries to assess the restorative potential of exposure to inland blue space across time. <i>Landscape and Urban Planning</i>, 241, p. 104904.
Abstract: Inland blue spaces, or freshwater environments, have been shown to provide people with positive mental health and wellbeing outcomes. Most inland blue space research focusing on wellbeing outcomes has so far been cross-sectional, utilising questionnaires and interviews. Therefore, there is significant uncertainty regarding the potential for inland waterways to benefit human populations over longer-term time scales. Across a sixteen-month data collection period, this study recruited four distinct sample groups to complete diaries for periods of three-months, focusing on inland blue space experiences in Scotland. The aim of the study was to use solicited diary methods to establish whether restorative exposure outcomes gained from visiting blue spaces may vary across time. Results from the diary data show that visiting freshwater areas consistently led to positive restorative outcomes, with minimal variation in restorative outcomes observed across time. Participants recorded three principal categories of blue space experiences; routine visits, getting fresh air; and day trips, with each visit type providing a range of restorative benefits. The findings highlight the potential for inland blue spaces to act as versatile public health resources and the need to consider long-term strategies to ensure these environments benefit populations across time.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2023.104904
Rights: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Licence URL(s):

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S0169204623002232-main.pdfFulltext - Published Version1.63 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

A file in this item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.